5th Euro-Global Summit on Aquaculture & Fisheries
Gesellschaft fuer Marine Aquakultur mbH
Title: Effect of resveratrol and genistein on ∆6-desaturase expression and protein levels in Rainbow trout
Biography: Claudia Grimm
In order to spare natural marine resources, namely fish oil and fish meal, a general trend in aquaculture is the inclusion of alternative plant based products for fish nutrition. Especially fatty acid (FA) composition of plant oils differ substantially from fish oil. To generate more sustainable fish feed but guarantee an end product rich in omega-3 (n-3) FA, the combination of plant oils and phytochemicals in fish feeds is promising and was used in this study. Resveratrol (RV) and genistein (G) are two phytochemicals that, in in vitro experiments, interact with ∆6-desaturase, the key enzyme in FA metabolism, and function as ligand for PPARα, a transcription factor involved in β-oxidation of fatty acids. Rainbow trout (36.35±0.03 g) were fed 9 diets with reduced fish oil levels (F4=4%, F2=2% and F0=0%) and inclusion of either RV (F4+RV, F2+RV and F0+RV) or G (F4+G, F2+G and F0+G) for 8 weeks. Both, RV and G affected FA composition of whole fish. 20:5 n-3 (EPA) and 22:6 n-3 (DHA) were significantly increased whereas 18:2 n-6 (LA) and 18:3 n-3 (ALA) were significantly reduced in fish fed the more vegetable diets F2 and F0 supplemented with RV. At the same time, protein levels of ∆6-desaturase were significantly elevated in livers of fish fed diets supplemented with RV, especially F0+RV. mRNA expression of ∆6-desaturase, PPARα and other target genes were significantly influenced by different fish oil levels but not by addition of RV or G. We were able to show in vivo that RV and G lead to increased ∆6-desaturase enzyme level and further to elevated EPA and DHA levels in the fish. This study shows the potential for using especially RV in aquaculture diets low in fish oil and highlights the molecular mechanisms behind the regulation of FA synthesis under the influence of RV or G.