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Aqua Europe 2018

About Conference

Conference Series Ltd feels proud to host around 3000+ global events to address the current issues and discoveries in the field of Life sciences, Applied Science & Engineering, Omics and Management, Clinical, Medical and Pharmaceutical sciences.

To the contributors across the globe, we invite you to Conference Series premier 10th Euro-Global Summit on Aquaculture & Fisheries to be held during March 05-07, 2018 at Paris, France. Aquaculture congress is the premier event that brings together a unique and International mix of experts, like aquaculture engineers, researchers and decision makers both from academia and industry across the globe to exchange their knowledge, experience and research innovations to its world aquaculture conference. Aquaculture is a major Field in modern food supply according to the FAO, aquaculture is understood to mean the farming of aquatic organisms including fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants. Farming implies some form of intervention in the rearing process to enhance production, such as regular stocking, feeding, protection from predators, etc. 

Aquaculture in Paris is characterized of the high level of specialization and large scale production. The Paris aquaculture industry is an old and established sector, one of the first to develop among the EU countries. More modern aquaculture techniques for marine species include onshore intensive farms, seabass and trout in the sea (mariculture) and, in the case of shellfish, cultivation on ropes and bags (mussels), or directly on the intertidal substrate (clams). Aquaculture is developed along France's southern location for the production of North Atlantic species (salmonids) and its northern position in relation to the production of Mediterranean species.

This Aquaculture conference will cover the new research techniques and concentrate on aquaculture exhibition of new feeds, fish welfare, antibiotics, instruments introduced by the aquaculture fisheries laboratories. It also covers the increase in need for demanding sea food. Aquaculture brings basic and advanced research of Developmental, Toxicological and Transgenic aspects.

Market Report

The French aquaculture industry is an old and established sector, one of the first to develop among the EU countries; 243907 tonnes were produced in 2004 placing it as the second highest producer in terms of volume in Europe. Marine production is dominated by molluscs; mainly oyster with 106750 tonnes and mussels with 74100 tonnes generating a gross income of about €600 million produced by the work of 20000 people in 3700 farms. Freshwater production is concentrated on trout with 36611 tonnes produced by 500 farms, most of which produce less than 200 tonnes/year.
 
The marine fish aquaculture sector has been developed through a research effort lasting 30 years, however, following early development successes in the early 1990s, the marine fish aquaculture sector (mainly seabass and seabream producing 4817 tonnes plus 60 million fry sold mainly for export) has been in competition with other countries notably Greece and more recently Turkey. Today, in addition to the production of tropical shrimp in New Caledonia and the black pearl in Polynesia, the main developmental potential of the French aquaculture sector is in the production of marine fish, notably promising new species like red drum as well as high quality products like sturgeon caviar, selected strains for all fish species and quality labelled products.
 
Potential for development still exists in niche markets for high quality and labelled products, in technological progress (rearing systems, notably in recirculated water systems), in improved genetic strains (protected selection, sterile fish, high performance hybrids, etc.) including juveniles, in the synergy of multi-disciplinary research operating within large European networks and finally in the management of the maximization of opportunities relating to areas such as production, education, aqua-tourism, conservation of biodiversity, etc., in a restricted and controlled coastal zone progressively extending into offshore waters.
History and General overview:
French aquaculture is an old and established activity notably in the production of molluscs and in trout farming. Freshwater species other than salmonids (carp – 4230 tonnes, roach and tench – 2790 tonnes) have been farmed since the Middle Ages in the South West and the Central and Eastern regions of France. 
 
During the 1970s, the biological cycle of seabass and seabream was closed by French scientists experimenting in the South of France. The rapid progress of technology and the high demand from niche connoisseur markets, notably in Italy, provided strong support for the marine fish culture sector. 
 
Over the last 20 years, aquaculture development has grown quite rapidly in the French overseas territories, for example in New Caledonia where shrimp culture (2100 tonnes) targets the Japanese market and in the Mayotte/Reunion territories where marine fish production of red drum and cobia (390 tonnes) targets European markets. Martinique is developing production of fish for its local market. 
Human Resources:
The most important production sector is shellfish farming: 55000 concessions are listed in the maritime public domain, this represents 3700 companies, most of which are privately owned (78 percent). 
 
Trout farming employs 2000 people distributed across 800 sites, 3 percent of the companies are large producing more than 500 tonnes each, small companies produce less than 100 tonnes each but represent 84 percent of the total production. Farming of other freshwater fish species is represented by 6000 multi-activity farmers. 
 
Marine fish farming is carried out on 50 farms established at 52 sites, this sector employs about 500 people; eight of the largest companies produce around 75 percent of the total sales. Some companies specialize in the production of juveniles or in on-growing to market size, these sectors have a high market value. 
 
Shrimp farming in New Caledonia is carried by 13 farms: five are small-scale family farms (less than 20 ha), six are mid-size farms (20 to 60 ha) and two are large farms (over 60 ha).
Oyster farming for black pearl in French Polynesia is carried out by about 200 farms.
 
Farming systems distribution and  charecteristics:
Shellfish production is distributed along the Western and Mediterranean coasts of France; it is a traditional activity located in six areas, namely: Basse Normandie, Bretagne, Pays de Loire, Poitou Charentes, Aquitaine and Languedoc-Roussillon. 
 
Trout farming is mainly located in Aquitaine and Bretagne (47 percent of the total production); however, there are also many farms in Nord Pas de Calais, Normandie, Rhône-Alpes and Midi-Pyrénées. Other freshwater species like carp, tench, roach and pike are produced in the Centre, Rhône-Alpes and Lorraine regions. The rearing of sturgeon is developing rapidly with three farms producing 15 tonnes of caviar. 
 
Marine fish are produced in many areas: seabass and seabream are reared close to the North Sea utilising heated water from a nuclear power plant), along the Atlantic coast and in the Mediterranean (Côte d'Azur and Corsica). Turbot farms are established along the Atlantic coast and salmon farming is found mainly in Normandie and the Bretagne regions. 
 
Shrimps are farmed only on the island of New Caledonia, the shrimp sector is dynamic and requires more education and technical support to develop. Research is also needed to secure the sustainability of the production, for example through eco-pathology; studies on nutrition and flesh quality, etc. 
 
Oyster pearls (black) are a specialty of Tahiti which benefits from its 'paradise island' image. The 11 tonnes of pearls produced in 2004 represent the effort of about 4000 people and this activity is the second most important source of income for this French territory, after tourism. Moreover, this activity has developed in 'poorer' areas (the coral islands of the Tuamotou archipelago) where low-skilled people from the declining coconut oil production sector have found employment.
Cultured species:
Shellfish farming is mainly represented by Pacific cupped oysters (Crassostrea gigas ), in 2004 is 105250 tonnes were produced. This species was imported into France in 1966 to replace the massive losses of Portuguese oyster at the time due to the presence of two viral diseases. The shellfish sector in France is the largest in terms of volume produced and second in terms of value in Europe. In 2004, about 35128 tonnes of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss ) was produced with a market value of around €135 million. France is the third largest producer of trout after Chile and Norway and trout is the most important species farmed in France. European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax ), gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata ) and turbot (Psetta maxima ) dominate the marine aquaculture sector in France producing in total 5766 tonnes. These species have been developed since 1970 and showed a rapid increase during the1990s. France has a good scientific understanding of the process of juvenile production which in itself translates to a high market value on the export market (60 to 70 percent of the production is exported within Europe and as far as field as China). Shrimp culture in New Caledonia (Penaeus stylirostris ) was introduced in 1981, this species of shrimp is well adapted to New Caledonia's environment and has a high market value due to its quality; it is mainly exported to Japan and the French mainland.
Production:
Today the best potential for development of Mediterranean species exists in Eastern "PACA" (Provence Alpes Cotes d'Azur) and Corsica but these regions are also subject to strong pressures from the tourism sector, despite the fact that the space required to accommodate offshore cages is extremely small, usually less than 10 ha. In addition to this competition for space, production capacity for marine finfish continues to increase in the countries of the Eastern Mediterranean, causing a leveling out of the price on European wholesale markets. Indeed, the comparative advantages possessed by these countries, for example, lower labour costs, warmer surface waters, etc., help to justify why French marine fish producers target high quality niche markets which are protected by specific requirements. In this area most French marine farms are willing to expand, as they have succeeded in doing in Corsica and the Indian Ocean.
 
 
 
 
 

To Collaborate Scientific Professionals around the World

Conference Date March 05-07, 2018

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Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal Journal of Fisheries & Livestock Production Poultry, Fisheries & Wildlife Sciences

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