Biochemistry of Marine Animals

Deep-sea ecosystems contain unique endemic species whose distributions show strong vertical patterning in the case of pelagic animals and sharp horizontal patterning in the case of benthic animals living in or near the deep-sea hypothermal vents. This review discusses the biochemical adaptations that enable deep-sea animals to exploit diverse deep-sea habitats and that help establish biogeographic patterning in the deep-sea. The abilities of deep-sea animals to tolerate the pressure and temperature conditions of deep-sea habitats are due to pervasive adaptations at the biochemical level: enzymes exhibit reduced perturbation of function by pressure; membranes have fluidities adapted to deep-sea pressures and temperatures, and proteins show enhanced structural stability relative to homologous proteins from cold-adapted shallow-living species. Animals from the warmest habitable regions of hydrothermal vent ecosystems have enzymes and mitochondria adapted to high pressure and relatively high temperatures. The low metabolic rates of bathypelagic fishes correlate with greatly reduced capacities for ATP turnover in locomotory muscle. Reduced light and food availability in bathypelagic regions select for low rates of energy expenditure in locomotory activity. Deep-sea animals thus reflect the importance of biochemical adaptations in establishing species distribution patterns and appropriate rates of metabolic turnover in different ecosystems.

  • Molecular basis of behavioural and physiological responses of marine animals
  • Evolution of molecular signalling and control system of marine animals
  • Biochemical ecology of deep sea animals
  • Comparative biochemiatry of marine animals

Related Conference of Biochemistry of Marine Animals

March 30-31, 2017

5th Euro-Global Summit on Aquaculture & Fisheries

Madrid, Spain
May 22-24, 2017

17th International Conference on Food & Nutrition

Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
May 25-26, 2017

6th Global Summit on Aquaculture & Fisheries

Osaka, Japan
July 24-26, 2017

2nd International Conference on Food Chemistry & Nutrition

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
August 07-09, 2017

3rd Global Summit on Plant Science

Rome, Italy
August 10-11, 2017

9th Global Summit on Agriculture & Horticulture

Beijing,China
October 02-04, 2017

8th International conference on Fisheries & Aquaculture

Toronto, Canada
October 02-04, 2017

18th Global Summit on Food & Beverages

Chicago, Illinois, USA
October 23-24, 2017

9th World Aqua Congress

Dubai, UAE
November 13-14, 2017

7th European Food Safety & Standards Conference

Athens, Greece
November

21st Global Food Engineering Conference

Auckland, New Zealand
November 29-30, 2017

2nd International Conference on Food Microbiology

Madrid, Spain

Biochemistry of Marine Animals Conference Speakers

Recommended Sessions

Related Journals

Are you interested in